Editor: NANCY WRIGHT
By Irving Kulik
CCJA INTERVIEW WITH JOHN BRAITHWAITE
By Nancy Wright
Memorial Tribute to Hugh John Osler
By Nancy Wright
Ethnic Diversity in Policing
By Robert Chrismas
Sexual violence: The Canadian enigma and an unending saga
in India – a call for a new approach
By John Winterdyk & Dipa Dube
YOUNG RESEARCHER CONTRIBUTIONS
Article available at www.justicereport.ca.
Available at: www.justicereport.ca
ETHNIC DIVERSITY IN POLICING
Winnipeg police officer, PhD (peace and conflict studies)
Canada’s growing newcomer population calls for greater inclusion and diversity in policing. Officers’ ethnic beliefs often clash with policies that are grounded in urban lore and have no place in modern policing. This article offers some insights into ethnic and organizational culture. It explores some of the dilemmas faced with the integration of diverse ethnicity and agency cultures and highlights the need for modern day police leaders, indeed administrators in any field, to be aware and sensitive to potential conflict.
50 ANS «À LA BARRE» DES RECENSIONS DE LIVRES DE LA REVUE CANADIENNE DE CRIMINOLOGIE ET DE JUSTICE PÉNALE (1969-2019)
André Normandeau, PhD
Criminologist and Professor, Université de Montréal.
Honorary Director of the École de criminologie and the International Centre for Comparative Criminology (ICCC), Université de Montréal
Invited professor in USA and Europe
Book Review Editor (French books) for CJCCJ (Ottawa) and RSCDPC (Paris)
On the occasion of the centennial year and 100 years of criminal justice of our Association (CCJA – 1909-2019), André Normandeau reminds us of one of the major successes of CCJA: the Canadian Journal of Criminology and Criminal Justice (CJCCJ). Our Journal celebrated its 60th birthday last year (1958-2018). As co-responsible of the book review section for the last 50 years (1969-2019), Normandeau sketches the historical portrait of this section of the Journal. He states that his mandate from the CCJA in 1968-69 is still important to him and speaking to some challenges for this section of the CJCCJ, Normandeau adds that some adjustments have been made to ensure this section remains an important resource.
SEXUAL VIOLENCE: THE CANADIAN ENIGMA AND AN UNENDING SAGA IN INDIA – A CALL FOR A NEW APPROACH
John Winterdyk, Department of Economics, Justice, and Policy Studies, Mount Royal University, Calgary—Canada
Dipa Dube, Indian Institute of Technology, Kharagpur—India
This article focuses on two countries, Canada and India, which appear to be opposites concerning women rights and the steps that have been taken to protect women from any form of sexual violence (e.g. sexual assault & domestic violence). Nevertheless, the respective synopsis suggests that while India might suffer from being characterized as having a rape culture, the Canadian portrait may also suggest that the dynamics of gender conflict may not be as pure as some might like to think. This article concludes with a call for a sociocultural and social-justice shift that draws upon a response model garnering international attention in combatting another major global crime – human trafficking.
MISSING AND MURDERED INDIGENOUS WOMEN: POLICE NEGLIGENCE ROOTED IN COLONIAL SENTIMENT
Undergraduate (Department of Sociology) Bishop’s University
In this evocative article, student-author Aliosha Hurry explores police negligence regarding cases of missing and murdered Indigenous women throughout Canada as a barrier to justice for Indigenous families and communities and as a factor in the perceived slow response time by the Canadian government. Pointing out that this pervasive, longstanding, and systemic police neglect is increasingly viewed as driven by the historical force of colonialism, Hurry looks to colonial past and for answers and illustrates that colonial sentiments in Canada linger in present day.
THE ETHICAL AMBIGUITY SURROUNDING THE DEATH PENALTY: IS THE DEATH PENALTY A VIOLATION OF HUMAN RIGHTS?
Psychology (University of British Columbia); Forensic Science (British Columbia Institute of Technology)
This article explores the age-old issue of the death penalty within an extended framework of human rights. The author contends that the current implementation of the death penalty is not sufficiently robust or fair to safeguard against violations of human rights through wrongful death. Synthesizing morality-based opposition, the lack of substantive evidence as regards deterrence, and the range of procedural flaws in justice systems today, the author argues that the death penalty is a violation of human rights and represents an affront to basic human rights.
Opinions expressed in this publication do not necessarily reflect the Association’s views, but are included to encourage reflection and action on the criminal justice system throughout Canada.