Editor: NANCY WRIGHT
By Irving Kulik, CCJA Executive Director
‘One for all and all for one’: An innovative breakthrough
for youth justBy Mike Cookice and vulnerable youth
By John Winterdyk and Denise Blair
Panorama sur l’histoire de la criminologie au Canada :
Par André Normandeau
Wilful promotion of hatred
Policy Review by François Boillat-Madfouny
Restorative Justice Symposium:
Global Innovation-Local (R)Evolution
By Stefan Horodeckyj
YOUNG RESEARCHER CONTRIBUTIONS
True Stories or Sensational Crime Fiction? Media Bias
and Crime Reporting in Canada
By Brandi Chrismas
THE GATEHOUSE – A PLACE OF HEALING FOR SURVIVORS OF CHILDHOOD SEXUAL ABUSE
Stefan Horodeckyj, JD (Member of The Board of Directors of “The Gatehouse”)
While normally conducted by the CCJA, the Interview for this issue was sent in by Toronto lawyer and author, Stefan Horodeckyj, and is framed within the following article between the author and The Gatehouse founder and Executive Director, Professor Arthur Lockhart and Maria Barcelos, respective, and a survivor, Stewart Thompson. The Gatehouse is a community-based center in Toronto, Canada that has received many accolades. Unique in that it provides services for children, youth and adults in one location, The Gatehouse incorporates principles of both restorative and transformative justice. The Gatehouse staff also provides consultation services regarding issues of childhood sexual abuse to local, provincial, national and international organizations. It is the author’s wish that third parties, including governments, NGOs and not for profit organizations collaborate in a meaningful way to provide the resources and human services needed to effectively deal with childhood sexual abuse—pressing social issue that has existed from time immemorial and will not go away on its own. The Interview segment appears at the end of this article.
‘ONE FOR ALL AND ALL FOR ONE’: AN INNOVATIVE BREAKTHROUGH FOR YOUTH JUSTICE AND VULNERABLE YOUTH
John Winterdyk – Professor of criminology, Mount Royal University, Calgary, AB.
Denise Blair – Founder and Executive Director, Calgary Youth Justice Society (CYJS)
This trailblazing article reports on how a Calgary program—In the Lead—was designed to help vulnerable youth get on the right track and could easily be adapted for use in the criminal justice system. Winterdyk and Blair point out that this resiliency-based leadership and character-development program was developed and implemented by the Calgary Youth Justice Society (CYJS) and operates on the premise that most young persons do not willingly engage in juvenile or anti-social behaviour, but the risk of their acting out increases exponentially given a range of traumatic experiences that may occur during the formidable years of adolescent development. The capacity-building imperative of In the Lead model meets the needs of many young offenders, has been deemed successful, is extremely adaptable, and is a natural fit for diversion provisions in the Youth Criminal Justice Act (YCJA). As such, the authors recommend rolling out a program based on the In the Lead program across the Canadian youth criminal justice continuum.
PANORAMA SUR L’HISTOIRE DE LA CRIMINOLOGIE AU CANADA : ARTICLE AVEC UNE RECENSION D’UN LIVRE DE JOHN WINTERDYK PHD—PIONEERS IN CANADIAN CRIMINOLOGY (2017). OAKVILLE, ON : ROCK MILL’S PRESS.
This article by comparative criminologist Professor Emeritus André Normandeau, contains a succinct review of a 2017 book by John Winterdyk (PhD)—Pioneers in Canadian Criminology celebrating the pioneers of the field of criminology in Canada. Normandeau is Professor Emeritus at the Université de Montréal (Montréal, Québec), the university highlighted in the book as having created the very first School of Criminology—in 1960. Emphasizing the uniqueness of Winterdyk’s Pioneers in Canadian Criminology and illustrating certain aspects of it in detail along with his own reflections, he notes that the book will be of great interest to readers.
WILFUL PROMOTION OF HATRED
Graduate Student, Criminal Law / CCJA Intern (Summer 2017)
Francois Boillat-Madfouny provides an overview of Canada’s hate speech law by focusing on s. 319(2) of the Criminal Code that criminalizes the wilful promotion of hatred. He explores how this offense has been applied and framed in Canadian jurisprudence, and why it is so difficult to prosecute. The author explains how the offender must have communicated statements specifically aimed at stimulating hatred against an identifiable group in a visible and public manner, and that he or she specifically intended to promote hatred in so doing. With the reach of social media widening and its platforms becoming increasingly popular for spreading hatred, Boillat-Madfouny warns that tensions related to free speech and the criminalization of hate speech will increasingly be the subject of debate.
HIGHLIGHTS OF THE 2017 NATIONAL RESTORATIVE JUSTICE SYMPOSIUM: GLOBAL INNOVATION-LOCAL (R)EVOLUTION
BA, BEd, JD
Toronto lawyer Stefan Horodeckyj offers highlights from the 2017 National Restorative Justice Symposium (NRJS). The event was hosted by the Collaborative Justice Program, in partnership with the Church Council on Justice and Corrections and took place November 19-21, 2017 at the Ottawa Westin. The theme of the conference was Global Innovation-Local (R)Evolution, and the event did have an international feel and appeal, with delegates from New Zealand and England as well as Canada. Presenters offered a variety of definitions of Restorative Justice, with presentations on updated sentencing provisions with Canada’s Bill C41, the perspective of the Canadian Bar Association, and New Zealand’s Family Group Conferencing model, to name only a few.
HUMAN TRAFFICKING IN CANADA: STRUCTURAL PROBLEMS AND AT-RISK POPULATIONS
Étudiant1e cycle, Bachelor of Arts in Criminal Justice, Department of Economics, Justice, and Policy Studies, Mount Royal University (Calgary, AB)
Human Trafficking (HT), aka trafficking of persons, is a crime that occurs in all countries including Canada. Since the Palermo Protocol, Canada has passed legislation that targets and attempts to reduce HT; yet, something is hindering an informed response by the Canadian Criminal Justice System. Canadian laws designed to criminalize human trafficking offences are often too narrow in scope and open to misinterpretation and conflation with other offences in Canadian Criminal Code. Also, the distinct lack of credible national and international statistical data on the subject makes an informed response to HT unlikely, at both the domestic and global level. While certain populations are more at risk of HT, the current disproportional focus on trafficking offenses related to sexual exploitation makes identifying groups at risk of forced labour all the more difficult.
Opinions expressed in this publication do not necessarily reflect the Association’s views, but are included to encourage reflection and action on the criminal justice system throughout Canada.